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예(禮)란 무엇인가?    

예절이란 일정한 생활문화권에서 오랜 생활관습을 통해 하나의 공통된 생활방법으로 정립되어 관습적으로 행해지는 사회계약적인 샐활규범이다.

사람은 사회생활을 하는 바, 높은 산이나 깊은 물에 막혀 수월하게 무리를 지어 하나의 문화를 형성하며 사는 일정한 지역을 생활문화권이라 하고, 그 문화권에 사는 사람들이 가장 편리하고 바람직한 방법이라 여겨 모두 그렇게 행하는 생활방법이 예절이다.

때문에 예절은 언어문화권과 밀접한 관계를 갖는다. 민족과 나라에 따라 언어가 다르듯이 예절도 국가와 겨례에 따라 달라진다. 같은 언어문화권이라도 산과 강을 경계로 해 사투리가 있듯이 예절도 지방에 따라 약간씩 다를 수 있다.

그러나 같은 나라에서 표준어를 정해 그것이 통용되기를 바라는 것과 같이 예절도 한 나라에서는 통일되어야 그 국민으로서 생활하기가 수월한 것이다. 그런 까닭으로 우리는 공통적으로 행해지는 가장 바람직한 생활방법을 익혀 어울려 사는데 지장이 없도록 통일된 바른 예절을 알아야 하겠다.

  1. 제기차기

Jegichagi - 제기차기

Jegichagi is a Korean variation of the game footbags and has been enjoyed by young Koreans since the days of Gogureyo Kingdom.

제기는 엽전이나 구멍이 뚫린 주화를 얇고 질긴 한지나 비단에 접어서 싼 다음 양끝에 구멍에 꿰고 그 끝을 여러 갈래로 찢어서 너풀거리게 한 것인데, 주로 정초에 즐기는 어린이 놀이기구이다.

1) 놀이 방법
① 제기는 한 사람씩 차기도 하고 여러 사람이 모여서 마주 차기도 한다. 
서울에서는 한 번 차고 땅을 딛고 도 차고 땅을 딛고 한느 따위의 제기차기를 <땅강아지>, 두 발을 번갈아 가며 차는 것을 <어지자지>, 땅을 딛지 않고 계속 차는 것을 <헐랭이>라고 한다. 
이 밖에 한 번 차서 제기를 입에 물었다가 다시 차고 다신 무는 <물지기>, 키를 넘겨 올려차는 <키지기>, 차서 머리 위에 얹었다가 떨어뜨려 다시 차는 <언지기>도 있다. 
② 앞의 여러 가지 방법 중에 어는 한 가지만을 미리 정해서 차기도 하고, <삼세가지>라 하여 위의 세 가지를 모두 차거나 해서 합계를 내서 승부를 짓기도 한다. 
잘 차는 사람은 한 가지 만으로 몇백까지 차기도 하는데, 차올린 제기를 머리 위나 어깨로 받아서 한참씩 다리를 쉬거나 발 안쪽과 바깥쪽은 물론이고 발등과 발뒤축 또는 무릎으로 차는 재주를 부리기도 한다. 
③ 진 쪽에서는 <종들이기>라 하여 상대방의 서너 걸음 앞에서 제기를 발 부리에 던지며, 이긴 사람은 이것을 멀리 차낸다. 진 쪽이 그것을 손으로 잡지 못하면 몇 번이고 반복해서 들여 주어야 하며, 차는 쪽에서 헛발질을 하면 종의 입장에서 벗어나게 된다. 
④ 한편 제기를 받아차는 쪽에서는 일단 받아서 자기 혼자서 몇 번이고 차다가 주위에 있던 자기 편에게 넘기기도 한다. 진 쪽에서는 이것을 받아찬 사람에게까지 종들이기를 하기도 한다. 그러므로 종들이는 사람은 제기를 던지는 헛시늉을 하거나 일부러 다른 데로 던져서 상대의 헛발질을 유도한다.
⑤ 또 세 사람 이상이 찰 때에 갑(갑)이 을(을)에게 차 넘긴 것을 다시 병(병)이 받아차면서 순서대로 다믕 사람에게 넘기기도 하며, 여러 사람이 둥글게 둘러서서 순서 없이 아무나 차기도 한다. 이때에는 헛발질을 한 사람이 종을 들이게 된다. 
⑥ 두 사람 이상 제기를 차 상대방에게 넘기는 방법은 여러 가지가 있느나 여기에 그 몇 가지 실례만을 들면 대개 다음과 같다. 
ⓐ 서로 순서대로 돌아가면서 차 건네는 방법
ⓑ 제기를 잘 차는 사람이 중심이 되어 부채꼴 모양으로 차 건네는 방법
ⓒ 첫째 방법과 둘째 방법을 서로 배합한 방법

Jegichagi is a Korean traditional outdoor game. It requires the use of people's foot and Jegi, an object used to play jegichagi. Jegi looks like a badmintonshuttlecock, which is made of a small coin (quarter size), paper, or cloth. In Korea, children usually play alone or with friends in winter seasons, especially onLunar New Year. Briefly explaining the rules, the player kicks a jegi up in the air and keeps on kicking to prevent from falling to the ground. In a one-to-one game, a player with the most number of consecutive kicks wins. In a group game, the players stand in a circle, and take turns kicking the Jegi. Players who fail to kick the Jegi upon receiving it and let it drop to the ground lose. As a penalty, the loser tosses the jegi at the winner so that he can kick it as he wishes. When the loser catches the jegi back with his hands, the penalty ends and he can rejoin the game. This has developed, and people combined two or three materials and made new ways of playing jegichagi. Though Jegichagi used to be a game mostly played in winter, it has become a year-round game.

History

Although there is no written record about the origin of Jegichagi, historical legends states that the game was developed from young martial artists’ training which involved kicking a small leather pouche. Jegichagi has been developed in a different way.

Samguk Yusa, a collection of Korean historical legends, states that Goguryeo people was good at Cuju, which was eventually developed to be jegichagi in Korea. Also, it says that Kim Yushin of Sillastepped on and tore off Kim Chunchu's otgoreum, two long ribbon ties in Korean traditional costume, under the mask of playing jegichagi and had his sister sew it back on. Through that event, Kim Yushin's sister eventually married and became wife of Kim Chunchu, later Muyeol of Silla.

How to Make Jegi

Things to prepare: 1 Korean traditional paper (Hanji), 1 Coin with a hole in the middle(Yeopjeon)

1. Fold the paper in half (Horizontally)
2. Place the coin in the middle of the folded paper
3. Fold the paper several times again with the coin still inside the paper
4. Use something pointy to make a hole through the paper (match it with the coin's hole)
5. Insert each end of the folded paper into the hole
6. Unfold the ends and tear it into thinner strands

Easy way to make Jegi

Things to prepare: plastic bags or wrapping tissue paper, 2~3 coins, string, scissors, and scotch tape.

1. Pile the coins and tape them together
2. Prepare the plastic bag by cutting into a square about ~25 cm wide
3. Place the coin at the middle of the plastic bag
4. Hold the coin inside the plastic bag and tie it using a string
5. Cut the untied part of the plastic bag into thinner strands(~1.5 cm) using scissors.

Rules and Kinds of Jegichagi

Basic Rule

Players kick the jegi (paper shuttlecock) into the air using instep of the foot. The winner of the game is the player who kicks jegi the most times without letting it fall.

Kinds of Jegichagi

According to Korean Jegichagiai Association, there are 6 kinds of single or multiplayer jegichagi game: Putting into the target, kicking jegi farther, putting in a basket, running while kicking, jegichagi with performance, and jegi volleyball.

1. Putting into the target: On a 1.6m diameter circle on the ground, draw four smaller circles 20 cm each like archery target. Keep distance from the target at least 5m. Within 30 seconds, the player kicks the jegi into the air at least 3 times, then hit the target with the jegi. From the center, the score is given 120, 90, 60, 30 and if the jegi is not hitting the target, 5 points is given. Players try 3 times with switching the foot each time, the winner is the one who scored the most.

2. Kicking far: Kick the jegi into the air 3 or more times within 30 seconds, then kick the jegi as far as the player can to the front. Repeating 3 times with switching the foot each time, the winner goes to the player with the most score in sum.

3. Putting in a basket: On a pillar with height of 150 cm, set a 20 cm x 20 cm x 20 cm basket. The player kicks the jegi into the air 3 or more times and then kick the jegi into the basket.

4. Running while kicking: 40m single or round trip can be played. For each 10m player runs, the player should switch his foot. If the player drops the jegi, he should go back to the last 10meter-line and continue playing.

5. Jegichagi with performance: In a 5m x 5m square on the ground, each player kicks the jegi with performance. At least 3 judges should watch and the score is given in average of them.

6. Jegi volleyball: 3 to 5 players make a team. Set a net with 120 cm height. Each team players should kick the jegi upon the net to the opposite side. For 3 players' game, the squre should be 5m by 5m, (7m x 7m for 5 players) The rule is very similar to common volleyball. When the player is in defence position, he can use any part of his/her body except hands. The first team who earn 7 points wins each set, and there are 5 rounds in a game.

Different Ways to Play Jegichagi

1. Hullangyi(헐랭이): Use of the inner side of the foot to kick 'jegi' while the other foot balances the body. The foot used to kick jegi should remain in air without touching the ground.
2. Ddangganghji(땅강아지): Similar to #1; however, the foot kicking jegi touches the ground each time before kicking again.
3. Left-right foot(우지좌지): Similar to #2, but both feet are used to kick Jegi alternatively with either the inner surface of both feet (or one inner and the other outer)
4. Appchagi(앞차기): Use of the top of the foot to kick jegi.
5. Ditbalchagi(뒷발차기): Use of the top lateral side of the foot to kick jegi.
6. Kigeegi(키지기): Each lift of Jegi must be higher than one's own height.
7. Mulgeegi(물지기): Continuously kicking jegi and catching it with your mouth.

How to Select Jegi and Practice

What is a good Jegi?

The most important factor of good Jegi is its weight. If it is too light, it is very hard to control Jegi since it falls to the ground before the next kick is ready. However, if it is too heavy, it is hard to kick the jegi high enough. Thus, a good Jegi should be the one of proper weight. (About 10g)

Practice using a tied Jegi.

Because it is difficult to do Jegichagi at a first try, it is very helpful to use a tied Jegi. Simply you tie one end of the string to a jegi and the other end to somewhere high enough to hold the jegi in the air. In this way, you can continue hitting it without having to pick up the jegi every time it falls to the ground. Although you fail to kick, the Jegi will always come back to the good position.

Practice while holding your pants.

Beginners have a habit of placing the arm towards the front while kicking Jegi with the thought that the arm helps balancing the body. However, it does not. Thus, if you are using the right foot to kick jegi, it is better for your right hand to hold the right side of your pants when doing Jegichagi.

Effects of Jegichagi.

1. Improves leg's muscular strength.
2. Improves agility.
3. Improves concentration.
4. Prevents obesity.
5. Improves patience and stamina.

The fact that Jegichagi uses muscles you rarely use stimulates the brain coordinated to those rarely used parts. Especially, the movement of right and left side of the body equally uses the right and left brain. Also, which side of the foot you use to kick jegi gives various health benefits to your body. When you use the inner part of your foot, it benefits your kidney, liver, and spleen. Further, when you use the outer part of foot, it benefits your bladder and stomach.

Jegichagi Today

In 2000, Korean Jegichagi Association was founded to make new rules in order to fit this traditional game well into today’s generation. Although Jegichagi is well known as many of other famous traditional games in Korea, the game is losing its popularity. In effort to keep traditional Jegichagi alive within children’s mind, the Board of Education in South Korea ordered Jegichagi as one of the required activities in physical education courses in school, usually 3rd or 4th grade.

In August 2011, an American company released a children's toy called Kikbo based on the Jegichagi.