You are here: HomeHistory삼국지 The Era of Three Kingdoms

During the 4th and the 5th centuries, numerous small states that arose with the spread of the iron culture became incorporated into the three kingdoms of Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla. Goguryeo, which expanded power through confrontation with the Chinese forces in the northern part of the Korean peninsula, emerged as a major empire of Northeast Asia in the 5th century. By the 7th centuries, Goguryeo engaged in numerous confrontations with unified China and triumphed. Meanwhile, Baekje, which arose along the Han River, greatly expanded its territory from the latter part of the 4th century and engaged in active maritime activities. Silla, which emerged in the southeastern part of the Korean peninsula, cultivated national strength during the 6th century and became a central force of the Three Kingdoms confronting Baekje and Goguryeo.

철기 문화의 전파와 함께 일어났던 여러 작은 나라들은 4~5세기를 거치면서 고구려, 백제, 신라 세 나라에 흡수되었다. 만주와 한반도 북부에서 중국 세력과 대결하면서 성장하였던 고구려는 5세기에 동북아시아의 대제국으로 발전하였으며, 7세기에는 통일 중국과 여러 차례 대결하여 승리하였다. 한강 유역에서 일어났던 백제는 4세기 후반부터 영토를 크게 확장하고 활발한 해상 활동을 폈다. 한반도의 남동부에서 일어났던 신라는 6세기 이후 국력을 길러 백제, 고구려와 맞서며 삼국 시대의 새로운 주역으로 발전하였다.

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# Title
1 Goguryeo, Baekje, Silla and Gaya
2 The Rise of Goguryeo and Baekje
3 The Kingdom of Balhae
4 The Unified Silla
5 The Later Three Kingdoms

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