Korean Language

Chapter 1: Basic Consonant and Vowel Combination

Click on the consonant, vowel, resulting combination, or the word to hear its pronunciation

When an additional consonantal sound comes after the initial consonant and vowel of a syllable, it is written below the first two letters. These final consonant are called batchim (받침). Most Batch’im consist of a single consonant, but there are also 2double Batch’im (ㄲand ㅆ)and 11 Batch’im which combine two single consonants (e.g.ㄺ: see next page), for a total 13 compound Batch’im.

Compound Batch’im (13) ㄲ ㅆ ㄳ ㄵ ㄶ ㄺ ㄻ ㄼ ㄽ ㄾ ㄿ ㅀ ㅄ

Batch’im are named by saying the letter name followed by the word “Batch’im. For example, 밤 has a ‘ㅁ(미음) 받침,” 발 has a “ㄹ(리을) 받침,” 밖 has a ㄲ(쌍기역) 받침,” and 밝 has a “ㄺ(리을 기역) 받침.” Neutralization of the sounds of many of the Batch’im occurs so that fifferent groups of Batch’im actually have identical sounds with each other (except whenfollowing syllable begins with ㅇor ㅎ) as shown below:

1) ㄱ, ㅋ, ㄲ, ㄳ, ㄺ: represented by ‘ㄱ’ (e.g. 각, 약, 엌, 녘, 밖, 닦, 닭)

2) ㄴ, ㄶ, ㄵ: represented by ‘ㄴ’ (e.g. 안, 않, 앉, 얹)

3) ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅈ, ㅊ, ㅌ, ㅎ, ㅆ: represented by ‘ㄷ’ (e.g. 얻, 옷, 잊, 옻, 밭, 좋, 었)

4) ㄹ, ㄼ, ㄽ, ㄾ, ㅀ: represented by ‘ㄹ’ (e.g. 알, 밟, 앓, 돐, 흝)

5) ㅁ, ㄻ: represented by ‘ㅁ’ (e.g. 담, 닮)

6) ㅂ, ㅍ, ㅄ, ㄿ: represented by ‘ㅂ’ (e.g. 입, 잎, 없, 읊)

7) ㅇ: represented by ‘ㅇ’ [ɧ] (e.g. 강, 동, 빵)

8) ㅎ: [silent] (e.g. 놓, 낳, 넣)

When followed by a vowel sound, a ㅎBatch’im becomes silent. e.g. 낳아서 – 나아서; 놓아라 – 노아라

Written by 정인숙

Published on Wednesday, 29 February 2012 12:00